This drawing is one of fifteen produced during Emil Hoppe's third and last year in a class run by Otto Wagner, the leading architect in the Viennese Secession. At this stage in their training, Wagner asked the students to use their imagination. He urged them to produce "work that they will never have to do in real life, work which will fan a burst of brilliant flames from the divine spark of fantasy which should be glowing inside them" (Wagner's inaugural lecture at the Academy of Vienna, 1894).
For this extension of the Schönbrunn Palace—built by Fischer von Erlach (1656-1723)—, Hoppe proposed a main building for official meetings, balls and banquets. It is flanked by four pavilions for foreign monarchs and their suites. The whole building was at the southern extremity of the park on the axis between the palace and the gazebo. The gazebo, a sort of triumphal arch with colonnades in neoclassical style was designed by Ferdinand von Hohenberg to celebrate Maria Theresa's victories over Frederick the Great's Prussians. Hoppe also presented a new design for the park, similar to von Erlach's structured gardens. This project in 1901, inspired by Viennese classicism as well as the Secession, won him a travel grant to Italy and was published in Wagnerschule 1901 in Vienna in 1902.