Vallotton's style moved closer to the Nabis in 1892-1893. At that time he adopted their aesthetic principles - planes of colour, Japonism, Art Nouveau influences – but kept his distance from the group. He thus developed a realistic, caustic and often harsh style in his production of interiors in the years 1898 and 1899.
The period 1899-1903 saw a change in both Vallotton's personal life and his pictorial career. He married Gabrielle, the daughter of the great art dealer Alexandre Bernheim, and left the Latin Quarter to set up home in a comfortable apartment on the Right Bank of the Seine. This Interieur from 1903 is indicative of his artistic development. In it, Gabrielle, wearing a housecoat, has her back towards the viewer, and is standing in front a half-open cupboard. The model's insignificant action provides a pretext for an essentially decorative variation. The pale blue dress shows subtle variations in the light, and is not divided into defined planes. Vallotton's preference for successive horizontal planes, flat coloured areas and elements of pure decoration like the carpet, the fabrics and the pictures, come from his Nabi period, but Vallotton now reveals an intimate serenity imbued with mystery.