The musical salons of Paris

ARCHIVE
1970

In the 19th century, the musical salon was a favourite meeting place for musicians. This cycle, proposed by Graham Johnson, with expert guidance from musicologist Myriam Chimènes, takes an in-depth look at the repertoire and musical affinities of three leading figures of the Parisian musical scene: Pauline Viardot, Marguerite de Saint-Marceaux and Winnaretta, Princess of Polignac.

17 March - 26 May 2011
Musée d'Orsay

auditorium level -2

Special concert

Felicity Lott, soprano
Clara Mouriz, mezzo-soprano
Graham Johnson, piano
Nicolas Vaude, narrator
The Salon of Pauline Viardot
Pauline Viardot (1821-1910), one of the greatest opera singers of the 19th century, like her sister Maria Malibran, had a remarkable career which almost reflects the history of opera in France. A close friend of Robert and Clara Schumann and of Brahms, Pauline spent some time living in Germany, but when she returned to Paris, her salon at 48, rue de Douai became a meeting place for both new and established composers. Her daughters Claudie and Marianne were also singers, and found their inspiration in composers like Gounod, Delibes, Saint-Saëns and Fauré, who dedicated many works to them.
Opera composers
Charles Gounod
Ô ma lyre after Emile Augier, from Sapho
Camille Saint-Saëns
Amour, viens aider ma faiblesse from Samson et Dalila
La Coccinelle after Victor Hugo
Pastorale after André cardinal Destouches
Georges Bizet
La Coccinelle
Jules Massenet
Air de Meryem au Tombeau de Jésus from Marie-Magdeleine
Viardot abroad
Robert Schumann
Schöne Wiege meiner Leiden, op. 24 n°5
Frédéric Chopin / Pauline Viardot
Séparation, from Mazurka op. 24 n°1
Johannes Brahms / Pauline Viardot
Rhapsody hongroise
Pauline Viardot
Mélody after Mörike
Melody after Tourgueniev
Johannes Brahms
Die Schwestern, op. 61 n°1 after Eduard Mörike
Oratorios and melodies
Charles Gounod
Un coeur qui t'aime
César Frank
Nocturne
Gabriel Fauré
Puisqu'ici bas tout âme, op. 10 n°1 after Victor Hugo
La Chanson du pêcheur, op. 4 n°1 after Théophile Gautier
Au bord de l'eau, op. 8 n°1 after Sully Prudhomme
Emile Paladilhe
Au bord de l'eau
España!
Charles Gounod
La Siesta
Pauline Viardot
Cancion de l'Infanta
Camille Saint-Saëns
El Desdichado
Georges Bizet
Guitare d'après Victor Hugo
Pauline Viardot
Les Filles de Cadix after Alfred Musset

 

The concert is preceded by a talk by Myriam Chimènes on the music of the Paris salons during the Third Republic.

Thu 17 March 2011 - 20h30
Musée d'Orsay

auditorium level -2

Special concert

Jennifer Smith, soprano
Yann Beuron, tenor
Graham Johnson, piano
The Salon of Marguerite de Saint-Marceaux
Marguerite de Saint-Marceaux (1850-1930) is one of the little known heroines of French music. It is only recently and thanks to the musicologist Myriam Chimènes' publication of the very detailed Diary of this great music-lover that we can begin to appreciate the important role played by Mme de Saint-Marceaux in promoting musicians and circulating their music at the turn of the 19th century.
Many works by composers such as Debussy, Ravel, de Bréville, D'Indy and Hahn were given as previews at boulevard Malesherbes, in the salon of this friend of Fauré and Messager.
This programme includes extracts from her Diary as well as songs, arias and duets performed at gatherings that also became a source of inspiration for those who would later continue the tradition of the musical salon.
The Baugnies Years (1875-1893)
Charles Gounod
Le soir
Emmanuel Chabrier
Tes yeux bleus
Edouard Lalo
Puisqu'ici bas tout âme
Gabriel Fauré
Sérénade toscane
Après un rêve
Souvenirs de Bayreuth
Mme Saint-Marceaux's Diary - The First Two Years
Claude Debussy
La Damoiselle élue
Reynaldo Hahn
La Barcheta, extract
Gabriel Fauré
Une Sainte en son auréole
Emmanuel Chabrier
Briseïs
Claude Debussy
De rêve, from Proses lyriques
Mandoline
Gabriel Fauré
Prison
Le journal à la fin du siècle
Maurice Ravel
D'Anne jouant l'espinette
Ernest Chausson
Le temps des lilas
"Meg"'s Circle - 1900
Gabriel Fauré
Berceuse
Pleurs d'or
Pierre de Bréville
Hymne à Vénus
New Music for the New Century
Maurice Ravel
Le martin-pêcheur
Giacomo Puccini
Manon Lescaut, from Mirages
Gabriel Fauré
Prison
Crépuscule from La chanson d'Eve
Danseuse from Mirages
Epilogue
Claude Debussy
Recueillement

 
Thu 19 May 2011 - 20h00
Musée d'Orsay

auditorium level -2

Special concert

Stéphanie d'Oustrac, mezzo-soprano
Jean-Paul Fouchécourt, tenor
Graham Johnson, piano
The Salon of Winnaretta, Princess of Polignac
Princess Edmond de Polignac (1865-1943) was the quintessential patron of the arts of the early 20th century. Born Winnaretta Singer, into the famous sewing machine family in New York, she owned a salon in Paris, inspired by the example of Marguerite de Saint-Marceaux, and her fortune and musical tastes soon set her apart as the most important patron in Paris. From Chabrier and Fauré in the 1880s and 1890s to Poulenc and Stravinsky in the 1920s, Aunt Winnie's choice of composers was quite remarkable.
Taking up, once again, the works played in the salon of her town house, this programme pays tribute to this astonishing patron of the arts whose energy and love of music inspired so many songs.
Overture
Emmanuel Chabrier
Prélude au deuxième acte from Gwendoline
Chanson du rouet from Gwendoline
Henri Duparc
Chanson triste
Gabriel Fauré
Clair de lune
Nell, cinq mélodies de Venise
Claude Debussy
Chansons de Bilitis, extract
Fêtes galantes, extract
Folk Songs
Maurice Ravel
Cinq mélodies populaires grecques
Francis Poulenc
Poèmes de Ronsard, extract
Manuel de Falla
Siete canciones populares españolas, extract
Maxime Jacob
Cartes postales
Francis Poulenc
Trois poèmes de Louise de Vilmorin, extract
Jean Francaix
Le Diable boîteux, extract
Epilogue
Francis Poulenc
Les illuminations

 
Thu 26 May 2011 - 20h00
Musée d'Orsay

auditorium level -2


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