Machine humaine

Bernhard Hoetger
Machine humaine
en 1902
relief en bronze
H. 44,0 ; L. 37,0 ; P. 18,0 cm.
Don de Mme et M. Duchamp,1977. Dépôt du Centre Pompidou
© RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d’Orsay) / Gérard Blot / Christian Jean
Bernhard Hoetger (1874 - 1949)
Niveau médian, Salle 56

Human Machine may be considered as Hoetger's first modern torso. Rodin's influence is here combined with realism as the torso is emerging from a frame made of the wooden planks used to shore up the gallery of the mine. The artist uses the strong contrast between the straight planks and the living flesh. Bronze is particularly suitable for rendering contracted, tortured anatomies.
The title refers to the world of industry which crushes the human being. A miner with powerful muscles, almost faceless and armless, becomes in the exacerbated expression of the effort he is making an icon of the wretched lot of the labourer and the drama of humankind. Hoetger was a German sculptor who, like Dalou in France and Constantin Meunier in Belgium, sang of the grandeur and miseries of the working world.