Musée d'Orsay: Decorative arts

Decorative arts

Armoire à suspendre [Wall cupboard]
Atelier d'Abramtsevo
Wall cupboard

In 1870, the railway magnate Savva Mamontov and his wife Elizaveta acquired the Abramtsevo estate, former home of a literary circle in the 1830-1840s,...
Portemanteau et porte-parapluie aux initiales et à la devise de Sarah Bernhardt [Coat and Umbrella Stand with the Initials and Motto of Sarah Bernhardt]
Coat and Umbrella Stand

With its medieval inspiration, this coat and umbrella stand is a marvellous example of the adaptation of historical references to domestic purposes.The...
Paravent à trois feuilles [Screen with three leaves]
Atelier Martine
Screen with three leaves

This work constitutes a wonderful illustration of the decorative experimentation undertaken in the years leading up to the First World War, and in particular...
Fauteuil [Chair]
Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott

This ceremonial chair, as well as a second identical example kept at the Musée d'Orsay, was commissioned from the English architect Baillie Scott by Hans...
Angélique et Roger montés sur l'hippogriffe [Angelica and Rogero Mounted on the Hippogryph]
Antoine-Louis Barye
Angelica and Rogero

Barye's bronze ornaments are undeniably among the finest produced by any nineteenth-century sculptor. His decorative skills are particularly apparent in the...
Guerrier tartare à cheval [Tartar warrior on horseback]
Antoine-Louis Barye
Tartar warrior on horseback

Among Barye's bronzes are some exceptional castings adorned with champlevé enamels. They all appear to come from the collection of Emile Martin. Having...
Epis d'orge [Barley Ears]
Georges Bastard
Barley Ears

Georges Bastard’s family had been making chessboards and inlaid ware for generations; his grandfather Bastard-Lannoy, a specialist in working with the...
Mobilier de salle à manger [Dining room furniture]
Peter Behrens
Dining room furniture

One of Queen Victoria's grandsons, Ernst Ludwig, the Grand Duke of Hesse, decided to make the little town of Darmstadt in Germany into a regional capital. In...
Bougeoir [Candlestick]
William Benson

Benson, the English architect and designer, was famous between 1890-1914 for his production of domestic objects in metal. His utilitarian objects,...
Assiette décorée [Decorated Plate]
Pierre Bonnard
Decorated Plate

Like Gauguin, certain Nabis - Maillol, Rippl-Rônai,Vuillard and Bonnard - took enthusiastically to producing ceramics. Abolishing the hierarchy of the major...
Promenade des nourrices, frise des fiacres [Nannies' Promenade, Frieze of Carriages]
Pierre Bonnard

In 1894, Bonnard wrote to his mother: "I am working on a screen [...]. It is of the Place de la Concorde with a young mother walking with her children, with...
Les arts [The Arts]
Jules Brateau
The Arts

A sculptor, goldsmith, jeweller and pewterer, Jules Brateau won a gold medal at the Universal Exhibition of 1889, where this ewer and its tray made of cast...
L'olivier [The Olive Tree]
Jules Brateau
The Olive Tree

In 1897, Jules Brateau, sculptor, goldsmith, jeweller and pewterer, then at the height of his creative powers, exhibited a series of pewter goblets at the...
Bassin [Bowl]
Joseph Brocard

Little is known about Brocard's life: he was probably self-taught and a collector and restorer of objets d'art. His production, on the other hand, was first...
Bureau de dame [Lady's Desk]
Carlo Bugatti
Lady's Desk

A spider on one of the drawers, hazelnuts for handles? Carlo Bugatti had fun decorating this lady's writing desk and enjoyed his own whim. Indeed, everything...
Chaise [Chair]
Carlo Bugatti

The model for this chair was designed by Carlo Bugatti for one of the decorated pieces he presented at the first International Exhibition for Modern...
L'adoration des mages [The Adoration of the Magi]
Edward Burne-Jones
The Adoration of the Magi

In 1886 the rector of Exeter College, Oxford, commissioned William Morris, the soul of the Arts & Crafts movement, to make a tapestry for the college chapel....
Fontaine-lavabo [Fountain and Bowl]
François-Rupert Carabin
Fountain and Bowl

Carabin was trained as a sculptor, but also turned his hand to the decorative arts. He produced about twenty pieces of furniture, between 1890 and 1904, in...
Bibliothèque [Bookcase]
Francois-Rupert Carabin

The important role of sculptors - Carriès, Dampt, Charpentier, etc. - in the revival of the decorative arts at the end of the 19th century is well known....
Infanterie montant à l'assaut avec un officier en tête [Infantry mounting an assault, led by an officer]
Caran d'Ache
Infantry mounting an assault

This zinc cut-out is an unlikely object to find in the Musée d'Orsay collections. Made for a shadow theatre, it was not intended to be viewed directly but...
Console du grand salon de l'hôtel de Païva [Console for the Grand Salon in the Hôtel de Païva]
Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse
Console for the Grand Salon in the Hôtel de Païva

The Paris residence of the Marquise de Païva, in the Avenue des Champs-Elysées, is one of the finest examples of private architecture and interior design at...
Cache-pot [Flower Pot Holder]
Jean Carriès
Flower Pot Holder

In 1888, the sculptor Jean Carriès (1855-1894) moved to La Puisaye in the Nièvre to devote his time to stoneware. At the time, La Puisaye counted several...
Vase en forme de gourde à double renflement [Vase, double gourd form]
Jean Carriès
Vase, double gourd form

Jean Carriès, whose works are well represented at the Musée d'Orsay, was also one of the great ceramicists of his time. This vase is a perfect example of...
Masque d'horreur [Horror Mask]
Jean Carriès
Horror Mask

The Horror Mask can easily be dated thanks to an article by Arsène Alexandre that appeared in Paris on 24 June 1891. In the context of a visit to Montriveau...
Jean Carriès

At the end of the 1880s, Carriès began to produce sculptures in stoneware. Essentially he repeated some of his previous works and initial studies made for a...
Cache-pot [Plant Pot Holder]
Ernest Chaplet
Plant Pot Holder

The technique and decoration of this piece place it in the late period (1885-1886) of the Paris studios of the manufacturer Haviland, which had been under the...
Alexandre Charpentier

Charpentier showed himself to be a master in the art of low relief from his very first exhibits at the Salon. His medals and plates with familiar or symbolist...
Boiserie de salle à manger [Dining Room Panelling]
Alexandre Charpentier
Dining Room Panelling

This collection of furniture remained relatively unknown until it was dismantled and bought by the future Musée d'Orsay in 1977 as until then, it had never...
Plateau décoré par "impression naturelle" [Tray, decorated with a "natural impression"]
Christofle & Cie

At the exhibition of metal arts organised by the Central Union of Applied Industrial Arts in1880, the participation of the Maison Christofle was notable for...
Boîte à décor de feuilles de lotus dit aussi Bonbonnière [Box decorated with lotus leaves also called Candy box]
Christofle & Cie
Candy box

Whereas the famous reputation of the House of Christofle was built from the very beginning on its silverware, the copperware it produced was less well-known....
Assiette à dessert, service Kioto [Dessert plate, Kyoto service]
Manufacture de Creil & Montereau
Kyoto service

It would be difficult to find a better illustration of the great success of Japonism in the 1870s than the multiplicity of applications in that most typically...
Grand vase d'ornement [Large Ornamental Vase]
Clichy Crystal Works
Large Ornamental Vase

The crystal works at Clichy-la-Garenne, founded in 1844, rose to prominence in the early Second Empire as France's major producer of coloured glassware....
Cheminée [Mantelpiece]
Pierre-Adrien Dalpayrat

Interest in monumental mantelpieces, whether functional or simply decorative, was curiously strong in the late 19th century. At the Salon de la Société...
Coupe [Cup]
Albert-Louis Dammouse

The son of porcelain painter at the Sèvres factory, Albert Dammouse trained at the Ecole Nationale des Arts Décoratifs and the Ecole Nationale des...
Jean Dampt

This piece of furniture may well have been one of the first attempts, if not the first, at producing furniture by Jean Dampt, a sculptor by training. As a...
Carafe aux croix de Lorraine [Carafe with Lorraine crosses]
Daum Frères
Carafe with Lorraine crosses

In 1878, Jean Daum took over the Avril, Bertrand et Cie glassworks which had been built in Nancy in 1874. For ten years or so, production was restricted to...
Daum frères

The interest of this small glass vase lies in the absence of any motif. It illustrates Daum's wish to explore new avenues, where there would be no place for...
Coupe [Cup]
François Décorchemont

In spring 1912, the glassmaker François Décorchemont exhibited for the first time at the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs, then at the Salon des Artistes...
Chaise de salle à manger [Dining chair]
Michel De Klerk
Dining chair

A major figure of the Amsterdam School, Michel De Klerk strove to transform the Rationalist and neo-Gothic principles of Viollet-le-Duc into a national style....
Plat à décor assyrien [Dish with an Assyrian pattern]
Théodore Deck
Dish with an Assyrian pattern

From 1866 on, the painter Albert Anker worked regularly with the ceramist Théodore Deck. Deck liked to involve painters, sculptors and decorators in his...
Jardinière suspendue [Hanging Planter]
Théodore Deck
Hanging Planter

In the 1870s, Theodore Deck became exceptionally skilful at producing transparent enamels. Always attracting a changing stable of notable artists, he...
Auguste Delaherche

Like Carriès (1855-1894), Auguste Delaherche worked with stoneware in a new spirit; he did not incise patterns in the clay, which had been a common practice...
Le Penseur [The Thinker]
Auguste Delaherche
The Thinker

The figure of The Thinker was probably composed by Charpentier to complement the inkwell already created by Delaherche. In fact, in the catalogue for the 1895...
Grand plat ornemental à décor de combat de coqs [Large ornamental platter decorated with fighting cocks]
Lucien-Adolphe Desmant
Platter decorated with fighting cocks

In the tradition of faience with metallic glints, which in Europe goes back to Hispano-Moorish ceramics, many designers in the second half of the nineteenth...
Table à ouvrage [Sewing Table]
Charles-Guillaume Diehl
Sewing Table

Of German origin, like many "French" cabinetmakers since the eighteenth century, Charles-Guillaume Diehl settled in Paris in 1840 and developed a flourishing...
Médailler [Medal Cabinet]
Charles Guillaume Diehl
Medal Cabinet

Although more of a specialist in producing small pieces of furniture and objects, it was the joiner, Diehl, who produced this imposing medal cabinet, created...
Soupière [Soup tureen]
Christopher Dresser
Soup tureen

The importance of the Scot, Christopher Dresser, rests on his unique place among the industrial designers of the Victorian era. He was one of the artists who...
Pot anthropomorphe [Anthropomorphic Pot]
Paco Durrio
Anthropomorphic Pot

The human figure has an important place in the work of Durrio. It is used for themes posing questions on the origins of life, about death and silence, all...
Bouilloire sur support avec un réchaud à alcool [Kettle on a stand, with spirit burner]
Jan W. Eisenlöffel

After his training as a gold and silversmith in Amsterdam and Saint Petersburg, Jan Eisenlöffel joined the Amstelhoek porcelain factory in Amsterdam in 1896...
Ecran circulaire [Circular Screen]
Escalier de Cristal
Circular Screen

In spite of the lack of any signature or mark, this decorative screen is without doubt a product of L'Escalier de Cristal, a sumptuous shop in Paris, selling...
Couverts de service [Cutlery set]
Falize Frères
Cutlery set

Lucien Falize (1838-1897) had already presented several items at the 1889 Universal Exhibition produced as part of a silver service with a decorative theme of...
Vase à décor de paysage lacustre [Vase with a Lake Scene]
Eugène Feuillâtre
Vase with a Lake Scene

The goldsmiths and jewellers of the second half of the nineteenth century constantly strove to perfect and develop the techniques of enamelling for artistic...
Coffret de Toilette de la duchesse de Parme [The Toilette of the Duchess of Parma]
Maison Froment-Meurice
Toilet of the Duchess of Parma

This ensemble was commissioned by a subscription circulated among the Legitimist ladies of France for the marriage, in November 1845, of...
Aubépines [Hawthorn]
Lucien Gaillard

Although he is now less well-known than Lalique, Vever and Fouquet, Lucien Gaillard was one of the greatest jewellery designers of his time. This relative...
Bouteille à ornementation creuse [Bottle with intaglio decoration]
Emile Gallé
Bottle with intaglio decoration

This vase features in the album of models registered with the Conciliation Board (Conseil des Prud'hommes) in Nancy by Gallé on 14 May 1895, a year after the...
Bureau La Forêt lorraine [Lorraine Forest Desk]
Emile Gallé
Lorraine Forest Desk

This particular bureau from the Lorraine Forest series is certainly one of the most beautiful known examples of the model which was presented at the Paris...
Rouleau vase with marine decoration
Emile Gallé
Vase with marine decoration

At the turn of the 20th century, the flora and fauna of the sea, oceans and rivers was one of the motifs adopted in the revival of the decorative arts:...
Eaux dormantes, pot couvert [Still Water, Lidded Pot]
Emile Gallé
Still Water, Lidded Pot

Aquatic life was one of Gallé's favourite themes; he admired the art of the Far East and this pot shows the influence of Japanese ceramics. Still Waters is...
Jardinière [Flower Stand]
Emile Gallé
Flower Stand

The nineteenth century's craze for seventeenth-century Dutch painting is perceptible in Gallé's ceramics. It can be seen in his landscapes dominated by water...
Emile Gallé

In the Spring of 1898, Emile Gallé patented the technique of glass marquetry. This process involved the incorporation of glass fragments of various...
La main aux algues et aux coquillages [Hand with Seaweed and Shells]
Emile Gallé
Hand with Seaweed and Shells

Doubtless the last work of crafted glass produced by the master from Nancy, this straight, upright hand represents the culmination of his technical mastery....
Raisins mystérieux [Mysterious Grapes]
Emile Gallé
Mysterious Grapes

At the Universal Exhibition of 1889, Emile Gallé made the acquaintance of the poet Robert de Montesquiou. The two men were very close until one fateful day...
Bureau de dame "Les Ombellules" [Lady's Writing Desk "Umbellules"]
Emile Gallé

This model was among Gallé's submissions to the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1900. In the short catalogue written and printed by the artist for the...
Par une telle nuit [On such a night as this]
Emile Gallé
On such a night as this

In June 1892, the Opéra Comique in Paris put on a series of performances of the Trojans at Carthage, an opera by Berlioz fiercely condemned on its opening...
Chaise Les trois-épis, salon Les champs [Trois-épis Chair from the Les champs sitting room suite]
Emile Gallé
Trois-épis Chair

In 1897, the doorway to Emile Gallé's cabinet-making workshops proclaimed: "My roots are deep in the woods", a statement of faith illustrated in 1900 when...
Vitrine de salon [Sitting room china cabinet]
Emile Gallé
Sitting room china cabinet

During the years 1900-1902, Emile Gallé mainly exploited the theme of aromatic herbs in his creations. From 1902, he concentrated his research on the study...
Vase à décor d'orchidées en haut-relief [Vase with high relief orchid decoration]
Emile Gallé
Vase with orchid decoration

This vase, by its technique, decoration and colours, belongs to a small group of rare works by Gallé, the most famous of which is a large dish in the shape...
Vase flacon
Emile Gallé
Vase flacon

This bottle decorated with bunches of grapes, dates from the 1890s when the vine motif was being developed by Emile Gallé. It recalls the bottle Mysterious...
Flamme [Flame]
Akseli Gallen-Kallela

During the 1900 Universal Exhibition in Paris, the Finnish pavilion was acclaimed by all who saw it. What astonished and delighted everyone was the ease with...
Support de jardinière [Stand for a window box]
Antoni Gaudí
Stand for a window box

An excellent physician, deeply interested in combinations of materials, whether they be products of modern industry or those of traditional crafts, a great...
Vitrine en encoignure [Corner display cabinet]
Antoni Gaudí
Corner display cabinet

This piece conjures up the spirit of the Casa Batlló in Barcelona, which Gaudí worked on between 1904 and 1906. The industrialist José Batlló had asked...
Antoni Gaudí

The last great private work by Gaudí, la Casa Milà in Barcelona was commissioned by Don Pedro Milà Camps, a textile industrialist, and his wife Doña...
Miroir mural [Wall mirror]
Antoni Gaudí
Wall mirror

This mirror, one of a pair where the other is almost identical in shape but reversed, comes from the apartment of the first owner of the Casa Milà in...
Cadre historié dit aussi Cadre aux deux "G" entrelacés [Historiated Frame also called Frame with Two Interlaced Gs]
Paul Gauguin
Historiated Frame

Everything in this frame evokes Gauguin and his wife, Mette Gad. The two 'Gs', the initials of their respective surnames, the elegant female silhouette...
Vase Atahualpa dit aussi Vase porte-bouquet
Paul Gauguin
Vase Atahualpa

Gauguin was devoted to various disciplines, including pottery. From 1886 onwards, he made stoneware ‘ceramic sculptures’, an uncommon, entirely new...
Ernest William Gimson

Gimson began his career as an architect but, influenced by the ideas of William Morris, quickly developed a passion for furniture design. In 1893, he moved...
Fauteuil [Armchair]
Edward William Godwin

The Aesthetic Movement, which attracted the English upper classes in the years 1870-1880, did not produce a uniform style. Rather it promoted the creation of...
Brooch: "Apparitions"
Eugène Grasset
Brooch: "Apparitions"

Well-known jewellers since the 1870s, Henri and Paul Vever broke new ground at the Universal Exhibition of 1900 when they presented a new line of "artistic"...
Harmonie [Harmony]
Eugène Grasset

For Eugène Grasset, decoration was primordial and the composition was necessarily subordinated to the decorative effect. This is clearly illustrated in this...
Vase " Fougères " ["Fern" Vase]
Jacques Gruber
"Fern" Vase

After studying painting in Nancy and then in Paris between 1884 and 1893, Jacques Gruber returned to Lorraine to take up a position as a teacher of decorative...
Bench for a Smoking Parlour
Hector Guimard
Bench for a Smoking Parlour

The main claim of the Art Nouveau movement, of which Hector Guimard was one of the leaders in France, is the unity of architecture, furniture and decoration....
Panneau central de grand balcon [Central panel of a large balcony]
Hector Guimard
Central panel of a large balcony

This cast iron balcony was designed by Hector Guimard for a complex of rental apartment buildings, in the rue de La Fontaine in the 16th arrondissement of...
Enseigne "Castel Henriette" ["Castel Henriette" door plate]
Hector Guimard
"Castel Henriette" door plate

Guimard exploited, with great skill, the decorative possibilities of reconstituted and glazed lava. The process consisted in making the natural lava malleable...
Fauteuil [Armchair]
Hector Guimard

In 1894, Guimard, still young and virtually unknown, found himself entrusted with the creation of the Castel Béranger, an apartment building situated in the...
Table de salle à manger [Dining room table]
Paul Hankar
Dining room table

In 1897-1898, the architect Paul Hankar built a mansion at 48 rue Defacqz in Brussels, for the widow of Vincent Ciamberlani, a rich aristocrat originally from...
Niels Hansen Jacobsen

This pot is part of the vast movement at the turn of the century, aiming to bring art into all areas of life, encouraging painters and sculptors to apply...
Table de style néo-grec [Neo-Grec style table]
Emile Hébert
Neo-Grec style table

This table is remarkable in several aspects. Firstly, it is a magnificent example of the artistic bronzes for which Paris, in the second half of the...
Boîte [Box]
Lucien Hirtz

Having worked with great jewellers like Falize and Boucheron, for whom he created jewellery and objets d'art, Lucien Hirtz was one of the best exponents of...
Meuble de bureau formant bibliothèque tournante [Rotating Bookcase for an Office]
Josef Hoffmann
Rotating Bookcase for an Office

An architect and decorator, Hoffmann was one of the founders of the Viennese Secession. As early as 1901 he turned his back on the curves of Art Nouveau and...
Vase tripode à décor émaillé [Three-footed vase with enamelled décor]
Auguste Jean
Three-footed vase with enamelled décor

Auguste Jean was born in Paris, probably between 1830 and 1835, given he founded his workshop about 1859. He was the son of a ceramist and began to make a...
Chaise [Chair]
Jan Kastner

During the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1900, two rooms in the Austrian pavilion were dedicated to the regions which would make up the future...
Broc à vin ou à eau [Wine or water pitcher]
Keller Frères
Wine or water pitcher

At the height of Art Nouveau, luxury goods were still largely decorated with allegorical or naturalist ornamentation. So, at the 1900 Universal Exhibition,...
Fauteuil [Armchair]
Lars Kinsarvik

This model of armchair designed Lars Kinsarvik, presented with a second model at the Paris World Fair in 1900 constitutes a beautiful example of what was...
Lars Kinsarvik

Kinsarvik was one of the leading exponents in the revival of Norwegian decorative arts around 1900. A specialist in woodcarving, from the 1880s on he helped...
Vase à trois anses [Three-handled vase]
Edmond Lachenal
Three-handled vase

Edmond Lachenal was a draughtsman, painter and sculptor but he was above all a remarkable ceramist. He worked for ten years for Théodore Deck and quickly...
Plat, genre Iznik [Iznik-style plate]
Edmond Lachenal
Iznik-style plate

At the beginning of his career in the 1870s, Lachenal was introduced to the secrets of making earthenware by Théodore Deck. It was through him that Lacheneal...
Tasse, service "Gui" [Cup, "Mistletoe" service]
Edmond Lachenal
Cup, "Mistletoe" service

For the year 1900, the Parisian magazine Les annales politiques et littéraires decided to offer a table service specially created for its readers, who could...
Pavot [Poppy]
René Lalique

"You would think that this flower would crumple with a puff of wind, because each part seems mobile and alive", commented a contemporary when the...
Perfume Bottle
René Lalique
Perfume Bottle

The jeweller and goldsmith René Lalique, interested in using glass in his jewellery, asked the advice of Emile Gallé, from whom he also borrowed a taste for...
Berce [Hogweed]
René Lalique

The keen interest shown in hairpins and combs in the late nineteenth century can be explained in various ways. From the Second Empire, the craze for Spain...
Sarah Bernhardt
René Lalique
Sarah Bernhardt

On 9 December 1896 in Paris, Sarah Bernhardt celebrated thirty years as an actress. A banquet was held at the Grand Hôtel, followed by a solemn anthem. Then,...
Boîte à poudre [Powder Box]
René Lalique
Powder Box

Lalique created many sophisticated dressing table objects, but usually singly. However, this powder box is part of a set that seems to be unique in the...
Lustre [Chandelier]
Raoul Larche

After rather traditional beginnings, Raoul Larche became the quintessential Art Nouveau sculptor through the evocative power of one of his many works: the...
Danseuse au tambourin [Dancer with a Tambourine]
Agathon Léonard
Dancer with a Tambourine

At the 1900 Universal Exhibition, the Sèvres Porcelain Factory created a sensation with a biscuit table centrepiece, comprised of fifteen statuettes dancing...
Clémence Isaure
Charles Lepec
Clémence Isaure

Trained by the painter Hippolyte Flandrin, Charles Lepec began his career by exhibiting his paintings at the Salon from 1857 to 1859. But in 1861 he began to...
Console table with a cabinet
Edouard Lièvre
Console table with a cabinet

Edouard Lièvre was one of the most prolific and talented industrial designers of the second half of the 19th century, with an astonishingly wide range:...
Chaise [Chair]
Adolf Loos

It took almost fifty years for the mass produced, steam-bent, wooden furniture invented by Michael Thonet to attain respectability. At the end of the 19th...
'mauresque' Cabinet-Writing Desk
Daniele Lovati
Cabinet-Writing Desk

Between 1878 and 1890, Daniele Lovati ran a large workshop specialising in wood and ivory carving, located at 18, via Vivajo in Milan. He received a special...
Chaise à haut dossier [High-backed chair]
Charles Mackintosh
High-backed chair

Responsible for the extensions to the Glasgow School of Art in 1896 and then 1910, the architect Charles Rennie Mackintosh was commissioned by Miss Catherine...
Chaise [Chair]
Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo

The London-born architect and designer, Arthur H. Mackmurdo, started his career in the workshop of the architect James Brooks. He soon attended the...
Vitrine "Orchidées" ['Orchid' display case]
Louis Majorelle
'Orchid' display case

This piece is typical of the stylistic choices which won Majorelle general critical and public acclaim and made him the leading representative of "modern"...
Lampe de table [Table Lamp]
Louis Majorelle
Table Lamp

In 1890, Majorelle set up a workshop solely to produce bronze, copper or wrought iron ornaments for his furniture. From 1898, experimental metalwork became an...
Table de salon [Occasional table]
Louis Majorelle
Occasional table

Under the influence of Emil Gallé, Louis Marjorelle started, in the mid-1890s, to produce "contemporary furniture decorated with natural motifs", as Gallé...
Corner seat
Louis Majorelle
Corner seat

Like Emile Gallé, Louis Majorelle took his inspiration from the outlines of plant forms for the base, uprights and crosspieces in his furniture. However, he...
Fauteuil [Armchair]
Louis Majorelle

Around 1894, Louis Majorelle changed direction and began producing "modern" furniture. Until then, Majorelle's workshops had specialised in luxury furniture...
Nénuphar [Water lily]
Louis Majorelle
Water lily

Although Gallé was somewhat late in applying his skills to electric lighting, it was an area that offered great scope for the Naturalist trends he advocated....
Le mineur [The Miner]
Constantin Meunier
The Miner

In 1904, Edouard Taymans, a coal merchant and lover of Belgian art, commissioned this plaque from Constantin Meunier as a gift for his best clients. There...
Vase en forme de gobelet [Goblet-shaped vase]
Firme Michelsen
Goblet-shaped vase

Two Danish firms, Michelsen and Jensen, founded in the mid nineteenth century, gave Scandinavian gold and silver work a prominent position in the period from...
Pendule [Clock]
Christian Ferdinand Morawe

The name Ferdinand Morawe, about whom very little is known, appeared from time to time in the magazines of the time, as a creator of small pieces of furniture...
Une chaise [A Chair]
Morris & Company
A Chair

The forerunners of the modern style that appeared in Victorian England in the 1860s and 70s revived the values of craftsmanship. William Morris set the...
Armoire à musique [Music Cabinet]
Koloman Moser
Music Cabinet

This monumental Music Cabinet, designed by Koloman Moser, is built in ample proportions. Framed by a projecting edge, it owes its beauty to its plain oak...
Support de calendrier éphéméride [Support for tear-off calendar]
Emile Muller et Compagnie
Support for tear-off calendar

It is very likely that this piece was not commercially produced, but rather was reproduced by the ceramics factory - la Grande Tuilerie d'Ivry - for publicity...
Plaque de revêtement mural [Wall Panel]
Emile Muller et Cie
Wall Panel

It was the construction of the Menier chocolate factory at Noisiel (Seine-et-Marne) that gave Emile Muller the opportunity to reveal his talent by producing...
Boule de neige [Snowballs] cup
Camille Naudot
Snowballs cup

The son of a porcelain merchant, Camille Naudot trained at the Ecole de Sèvres and succeeded his father about 1889. In order to carry on his research into...
George Mann Niedecken

"Incorporating the furnishings as much as possible into the organic architecture so that they integrate into the structure, and designing simple shapes that...
Georges Pannier

From the 1870s, Parisian art dealer-publishers specialised in ceramics, glassware, ornamental bronzes and fantasy furniture in a Sino-Japanese style. The...
Fauteuil [Armchair]
Bruno Paul

This armchair was part of one of the great sets of furniture shown by Germany in the Universal Exhibition of Paris in 1900 in the category "Fixtures for...
Pérol Frères

Hors concours in the Universal Exhibition of 1900, because Félix Pérol was a member of the international jury, the firm of Pérol Frères decided to exhibit...
Panneau de porte provenant du nouveau palais de Westminster [Door Panel from the New Palace of Westminster]
Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin
Door Panel

An architect, decorator and erudite theoretician, Pugin was the pioneer of the Gothic Revival which influenced all of Victorian England. His rediscovery of...
Chaise [Chair]
Edward Welby Pugin

Fortunately saved from demolition in 1963, Scarisbrick Hall in Lancashire, is a superb example of a romantic English hall incorporating many elements of...
Femmes en blanc [Women in White]
Paul Ranson
Women in White

This tapestry was made by France Ranson-Rousseau, the cousin and wife of the decorator Paul Ranson, who designed the cartoon for it in 1892-1893. It belongs...
Cafetière [Coffee pot]
Emile Reiber
Coffee pot

At the Universal Exhibition of 1867, alongside champlevé and painted enamel in the mediaeval and Renaissance tradition, the first modern enamelled pieces,...
Pendule [Clock]
Emile Reiber

When the architect-decorator Emile Reiber joined the Maison Christofle in 1865, he had the idea of creating a collection of decorative objects. The skill of...
Emile Reiber

Not content with securing the various services of well-known artists, Christofle & Co, the leading French manufacturer of gold and silverware in the second...
Théière [Teapot]
Emile Reiber

This animal teapot was designed by Reiber after a Japanese bronze from the collection of Henry Cernuschi (1821-1896), a rich Italian banker, living in Paris,...
Hymne à la vie [Hymn to Life]
Pierre Auguste Renoir
Hymn to Life

Towards the end of his life, Renoir moved to Cagnes-sur-Mer in the south of France. In spite of being paralysed, he agreed to produce some sculptures. It was...
Le jour et la nuit [Day and Night]
Attributed to Georges Rey
Day and Night

Featured in a catalogue for a public auction in Versailles in 1970, this chair was then described as "having been owned, according to tradition, by Sarah...
Bougeoir [Candlestick]
Richard Riemerschmid

In 1897, Richard Riemerschmid decided to abandon his career as a painter in order to concentrate exclusively on "design" and architecture. Wishing to play his...
La Hantise [Obsession]
Jean-Désiré Ringel d'Illzach

At the end of the nineteenth century, the mask became one of the favourite forms of expression for sculptors. As well as the masks by Ringel, works by Amy,...
Projet de vase de style byzantin [Project for a Byzantine style vase ]
Frédéric-Jules Rudolphi
Project for a vase

The work of Rudolphi, a Danish silversmith who lived in Paris, was admired by his contemporaries for the excellence of its design and execution. His creative...
Vase d'ornement [Ornamental vase]
Maison F. Barbedienne
Ornamental vase

The art of enamelling was revived in all its diversity at the height of the Second Empire. Polychrome decoration, which was used in all the industrial arts,...
Miroir monumental [Monumental Mirror]
Maison F. Barbedienne
Monumental Mirror

It would be hard to imagine a more eloquent demonstration of the alliance of art and industry advocated during the Second Empire than this sumptuous mirror....
Rhyton à tête de renard [Rhyton with fox's head]
Louis-Constant Sévin
Rhyton with fox's head

Taking an antique shape, the rhyton (from the Greek rhuton, from rhein meaning to flow) is a drinking cup in the form of a horn or animal's head, which, while...
Paravent à trois feuilles [Three-Panelled Screen]
Gustave Serrurier-Bovy
Three-Panelled Screen

In 1899, Gustave Serrurier-Bovy, an interior designer based in Liège, anxious to improve the circulation of his creations, decided to open a shop at number...
Pendentif [Pendant]
Gustave Serrurier-Bovy

Gustave Serrurier-Bovy, from Liège, was one of the major figures in the revival of interior design in Belgian, along with Paul Hankar, Victor Horta and Henry...
Mobilier de chambre à coucher : armoire en deux éléments [Bedroom Furniture: wardrobe in two sections]
Gustave Serrurier-Bovy
Bedroom Furniture

This wardrobe, part of a bedroom suite whose different elements (bed, dressing table, cheval glass, screen) are also in the Musée d'Orsay, consists of two...
Piédestal [Pedestal]
Richard Norman Shaw

More an architect than a decorator, Shaw was also one of the leaders of the Aesthetic Movement, but his contribution relates more to the definition of a new,...
Banquette à dossier [Bench seat with backrest]
Stephan Abel Sinding
Bench seat with backrest

Stephan Sinding was without doubt one of the most famous Scandinavian sculptors of his time: Carl Jacobsen gave him pride of place in the museum he founded in...
Chaise n°4 [No. 4 Chair]
Gebrüder Thonet [Thonet Brothers]
No. 4 Chair

This chair is made of beechwood laths steamed and bent into curved jigs then dried, sanded, and finally stained and varnished before being assembled with...
Tiffany and Company, New York

Artistic director for Tiffany and Company between 1875 and 1891, Edward Chandler Moore (1827-1891) put his mark on the style of this major American company,...
Love Cup
Tiffany and Company
Love Cup

The famous New York company, founded in 1837 by Charles Lewis Tiffany, only acquired a truly international reputation towards the end of the 1860s. Its...
Louis Comfort Tiffany

The son of Charles Tiffany, the founder of the great New York jewellers and goldsmiths Tiffany and Co, Louis Comfort Tiffany started as a painter and then...
Au Nouveau Cirque, Papa Chrysanthème [At the New Circus, Papa Chrysanthemum]
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
At the New Circus, Papa Chrysanthemum

In 1895, the art dealer Siegfried Bing (1838-1905) transformed his famous Parisian gallery devoted to the arts of the Far East into an establishment with the...
Ecritoire de dame [Lady's Writing Desk]
Henry van de Velde
Lady's Writing Desk

The catalogue of the "Industries of Art and Ornamentation" published by Henry van de Velde in Brussels in 1899 included a picture of this desk in its context,...
Table à thé [Tea table]
Henry van de Velde
Tea table

From his very first pieces of furniture, Van de Velde had mastered his art, and later, in his writings, he merely applied a theory to what he had produced...
Lustre au boa [Chandelier with Boa]
Emile Vaudremer
Chandelier with Boa

It is rather surprising to find the names Vaudremer and Fremiet together on this stunning chandelier. The architect of the Prison de la Santé in Paris and of...
Table de milieu [Table]
Heinrich Vogeler

In 1895, the painter Heinrich Vogeler used an inheritance from his father to buy the Barkenhoff. This building in Worpswede-Ostendorf, a town in Lower Saxony...
Armoire : Die Zeit [Wardrobe: Die Zeit]
Otto Wagner
Wardrobe: Die Zeit

The first known pieces of furniture by Otto Wagner designed in the 1880s, a period which saw a veritable cult of ornamentation, were already striking for...
Plateau, service Bristol [Tray, Bristol service]
Worcester Royal Porcelain Co.
Tray, Bristol service

The success of the Worcester porcelain factory, which was highly acclaimed at the Universal Exhibitions of 1873, 1876 and 1878, owed much to the personality...

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