Johan Barthold JongkindIn Holland, the Boats by the Mill© RMN-Grand Palais (Musée d'Orsay) / Gérard Blot
Born in the Netherlands, Jongkind spent a large part of his life in France, his adoptive country, like his fellow-countryman Vincent van Gogh. His early landscapes show with much sensibility different places in his native country in the Dutch tradition, learnt in particular from his teacher the painter Andreas Schelfhout (1787-1870) in The Hague. Following the painter Eugène Isabey (1803-1886), Jongkind pursued his training in Paris, from 1846 onwards. It was in the early 1860's that he expressed his fondness for seascapes, during his sojourns on the Normandy coast at Le Havre, Sainte-Adresse, Honfleur, Trouville… There he became acquainted with Boudin and above all met Monet, who was to acknowledge the debt he owed the Dutch artist : "I owe him the definitive education of my eye".
For the freshness of his vision, particularly remarkable in his watercolours, Jongkind is rightly considered a precursor of Impressionism; he also took part in the Salon des Refusés in 1863 with the painting Ruines du château de Rosemont
(musée d'Orsay). From 1873 onwards, Jongkind discovered the Dauphiné.
He ended his life in la Côte-Sainte-André, where he was buried in 1891. The artist left several landscapes painted in the Nièvre, the Dauphiné, or evoking his 1880 trip to the Midi.
With this exhibition retracing the stages of the artist's career and highlighting the diverse facets of his too-long neglected work, the Musée d'Orsay intends to pay a well-deserved homage to Jongkind and his place at the confluence of both the French and Dutch traditions.
CuratorsJohn Sillevis, Hoofdconservator au Gemeentemuseum, The HagueSylvie Patin, Conservateur en chef au musée d'Orsay, ParisGötz Czymmek, Oberkustos at the Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, CologneExhibition also presented at the Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, from October 11, 2003 to January 17, 2004the Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Cologne, from February 6 to May 8, 2004Exhibitition organised with the support of the Banque de Neuflize, member of the ABN AMRO groupAs a complement to this overview of the artist's work, the Fondation Custodia organises a documentary exhibition Jongkind intime : dessins, estampes et lettres de Jongkind et son entourage dans la collection Frits Lugt (The Intimate Jongkind: drawings, etchings and letters by Jongkind and his relatives in the Fritz Lugt collection) at the Dutch Institute in Paris, 121 rue de Lille, from June 10 to July 18, 2004