Musée d'Orsay: The Macchiaioli 1850-1874. Italian Impressionists?

The Macchiaioli 1850-1874. Italian Impressionists?

Giovanni FattoriThe Rotunda at Palmieri (Livorno)© Archives Alinari, Florence, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais / Nicola Lorusso
The Macchiaioli were a group of rebellious artists working in Florence in the mid 1855s, mainly from Tuscany but also from other parts of the country from Venice to Naples.
Who were these Macchiaioli with their untranslatable nickname? “Tachistes”, from the French term for "stain" or "blot", was a pejorative label that appeared in the press in 1862 and which they then adopted. They brought a breath of fresh air into Italian painting, breaking with the prevailing Neoclassicism and Romanticism, and reviving Italy's pictorial culture. They were regarded as the initiators of modern Italian painting.

The Musée d’Orsay, in its desire to show the widespread influence of painting in the second half of the 19th century, felt it should bring to the attention of the French public one of the most poetic movements of this period, very similar to the visual experiments of the Impressionist artists.
This painting had a crucial influence on Italian film directors like Luchino Visconti and Mauro Bolognini, who found in it an iconographic inspiration and an idiom specific to the image.



Marie-Paule Vial, director, Musée de l'Orangerie
Beatrice Avanzi, curator at the Musée d'Orsay
Isabelle Julia, general curator
Maria Lopez, chief curator at the MAPFRE Foundation

The exhibition will also be shown in Madrid, at the MAPFRE Foundation, from 20 September 2013 to 5 January 2014.

This exhibition is supported by the Cercle Italien des Mécènes:

10 April - 22 July 2013

Paris, Musée de l'Orangerie

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