King Candaules, Ave Caesar et The Dead Caesar. It was acknowledged that the painter had "noble qualities", but that he spoilt them by "indulging in didacticism" and by "allowing himself to be distracted". Gérôme's situation is therefore that of an artist in transition, between the decline of Academic history painting, the grand genre with its immutable conventions, and its eclectic reinvention.
The Gladiators, his first sculpture. This "archaeological" monument makes no concessions, and picks up the motif of the central group in Pollice verso.