The Gothic Revival: Architecture and Decorative Arts in Victorian England
As a reaction against classicism, English architects and decorators brought the Gothic period back into fashion. From 1830 to 1880 this movement strongly marked Victorian England. Against the background of massive industrial development, this enthusiasm for medieval society, where the arts flourished in a spirit of mysticism and fraternity, opposed the apparently degrading effects of mechanization. The Arts and Crafts Movement was born out of this enthusiasm and it called for a return to the noble work of the craftsman. The predominance of Gothic art is also visible through the large public and industrial edifices built at this time.